campus. Goshen College campus.

Campus Activities Council. On second reference, CAC is acceptable.

Campus Center for Young Children. Established in 1998 and based in the Church-Chapel, the center provides childcare services for children of students, faculty, staff and community members.


capitalization. In General, Avoid Unnecessary Capitals -- They Make Things Difficult To Read, As You Can See Here. Capitalize nouns that constitute the unique identification for a specific person, place or thing: America, Goshen, Mary, Robert. Capitalize common nouns such as party and street when they are an integral part of the full name for a person, place, or thing: Republican Party, Main Street. A formal name is capitalized but a shortened version of the same is spelled with a lowercase letter: Recreation-Fitness Center; the center. Lowercase the common noun elements of names when they are plural: Main and 8th streets. Many words and phrases are listed separately in this style guide.

caption. Every photograph in the paper should have a caption clearly identifying the action, setting or people shown. Captions about recent news should be written in the present tense (President Jim Brennemen hands out mugs to first-year students). But if the caption includes a past time element like yesterday, the verb must change to a participle (handing out mugs to first-year students yesterday) or to the past tense (handed out mugs to first-year students yesterday). A caption should normally explain what readers cannot see for themselves in the picture and avoid stating the obvious (a couple holding hands walks along the sidewalk in front of the library).

Catholic Church. See also Roman Catholic Church.

Celsius, centigrade. The preferred term for the temperature scale used in the metric system is Celsius: The temperature in Lima, Peru, is 55 degrees Celsius.

center (v.). Logic demands center on or center in, as in narrowing the focus. Center around heads in a different direction -- as in, many directions.

Center for Intercultural and International Education (CIIE). Formerly known as Center for Intercultural Teaching and Learning (CITL).This center, funded by the Lilly Endowment, researches how small liberal arts colleges can best serve the educational needs of a rapidly increasing Latino immigrant population. Goshen College intends to extend these learnings to increase enrollment and retention of all students of color. Gilberto Perez (right) serves as the senior director of intercultural development and educational partnerships, while Tom Meyers (left) serves as the director of international education.

centuries. Lowercase, spelling out numbers less than 10: the first century, the 21st century.

chairman, chairwoman. Capitalize when used as a formal title before a name. Avoid chairperson unless the term is adopted by an organization or group as a formal title, or is used in a quotation. Chairwoman or chairman is a suitable formal title before a name, but be careful of creating an unwieldy title: instead of Education Department Chairwoman Kathy Meyer Reimer, please use Kathy Meyer Reimer, chairwoman of the education department; or Chairwoman Kathy Meyer Reimer of the education department.

Chamber Choir. Refers to the upper-level choir in Goshen College's music department. Use the full title "Goshen College Chamber Choir" on first reference only.

Chapter 8. Capitalize as a proper name.

C. Henry Smith Peace Lecture.

C. Henry Smith Peace Oratorical Contest. A yearly speech contest funded by the trust of C. Henry Smith, a Mennonite historian and professor at Goshen and Bluffton colleges. Cash prizes are awarded, and the first-place winner will be entered in the U.S./Canada national contest, which is sponsored by Mennonite Central Committee.

chief executive officer can be shortened to chief executive. In quotes or informally the abbreviation C.E.O. is acceptable. Because of its length, the title should be set off from the name by commas: Phil Bontrager, the chief executive officer of Sauder Manufacturing, will be on campus tomorrow.

Christmas, Christmas Day. Dec. 25. The federal legal holiday is observed on Friday if Dec. 25 falls on a Saturday, or on Monday if it falls on a Sunday. Never abbreviate Christmas to Xmas or any other form.

Christology. And Christlike and Christocentric, but christological.

church. Uppercase in full references both to the institution (the Mennonite Church, the Catholic Church) and a congregation (College Mennonite Church). In abbreviated second reference, both the institution and the congregation may become the church.


cities. No state is needed with nearby Indiana towns and cities (including Goshen, Elkhart and South Bend), and the following major cities: Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Honolulu, Houston, Indianapolis, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, New Orleans, New York, Oklahoma City, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle, Washington

City Council. Capitalize the name of the governing body when the reference is to a specific body, as in Goshen City Council. In abbreviated form -- the council -- prefer lowercase.

City Hall. Capitialize with the name of of a city, or without the name of a city if the reference is specific. Goshen's City Hall houses mainly the mayor's office and the clerk/treasurer's office. It is located at 202 S. 5th St.

civil rights movement.

cliches. Our best writing is original and fresh -- and free of cliches. At one time cliches were original and fresh, but they lost their value when everyone started using them, and using them. Steve Coll, former managing editor of The Washington Post, offers this advice: think of cliches as first-draft placeholders. The language maven Patricia O'Conner says there is no way to eliminate all cliches. That said, exercise discretion and be careful not to mix up your figures of speech (He got off his high horse and went back to the drawing board).

co(-). Some compounds formed with co are one word and some are hyphenated: co-opted, copublish, copublisher, coreligionist, co-worker. Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary serves as the guide.

coffee(-). Compounds formed with coffee can be one word or two: coffee break, coffeehouse, coffeepot, coffee table.

College Mennonite Church. Located inside the Church-Chapel. A congregation of Goshen College students, faculty, and community members, the church meets regularly at 9:30 a.m. in the sanctuary.

College Relations. College Relations is a department located in the Westlawn lounge on the Goshen College campus. Though this department has many responsibilities, its primary focus is keeping the college connected with alumni, friends and community church organizations.

cologne. Perfume, for scenting the body, is generally used to describe a more expensive and intense smelling fragrance. Cologne, on the other hand, refers to a less costly and more subtle scent. See perfume.

colon. A colon can introduce a word, a phrase, a sentence, a passage or an example like this: colons are useful for writers who like a bit of suspense. Ordinarily lowercase the word after a colon. For example, this would be so if the colon is used to underscore the relationship of complete clauses (He had reason to feel anxious: the war was only week away). As an exception, the word after the colon would be capitalized if it begins a complete sentence formally introduced by what precedes it (She promised this: The book will be published).

comma. Omit the final comma in a series of three or more items (He enjoyed an apple, a sandwich and a cookie for lunch) unless it is necessary to avoid ambiguity (She is majoring in art, peace and justice, and history).

Communications and Marketing department. Formerly known as Public Relations. Name changed spring 2013.

communion (Lord's Supper).

Communist. Capitalize as a noun for a member of the Communist Party and as an adjective referring to the party; in reference to a philosophy, use lowercase.

compare. When the intent is to liken things, use compare to: The architect compared the Union to a box without a job. Use compared with when the intent is to illustrate similarities or differences, or both: Compared with the students of the 1980s, the students of today are much more savvy.

composition titles. Put quotation marks around the names of book titles, computer game titles, movie titles, opera titles, play titles, poem titles, song titles, television program titles and the titles of lectures,speeches and works of art. Given the quotation marks, there is no need for italics. Journalistic style differs from others in this regard; for example, The Chicago Manual of Style would put book titles in italics, without quotation marks. Reference works like dictionaries are presented uppercase, without quotation marks or italics. Most websites and apps are capitalized without quotes. See newspaper and magazine names.



convention (biennial Mennonite gathering). The Mennonite Church USA meets every two years for a national convention. In Pittsburgh, this event was officially called Mennonite Church USA Convention 2011, or Convention 2011. In second or subsequent references, convention is the preferred shorthand. The Columbus 2009 event ushered in a denominational name change. The church used to speak of multiple simultaneous conventions (for example, the adult and youth conventions in Charlotte, N.C.). Now the church refers to multiple gatherings at a single convention (for example, the adult and youth gatherings at Convention 2011). See also Mennonite Church USA Convention.

Conversation Room. This is a place set aside at Mennonite Church USA Convention for generally mediated dialogue on controversial topics such as human sexuality and immigration.

convince, persuade. You can be convinced of something or that something, but you must be persuaded to do something: The Physical Plant employee failed to convince her of the fairness of the fine, but did persuade her to pay the ticket anyway.

copy editor; copy edit.

core values. Goshen College seeks to offer a Christ-centered education that reflects passionate learning, servant leadership, compassionate peacemaking and global citizenship.

corrections. When The Record falls short of the mark, as all newspapers do, it should say so in a prominent box on Page 2 or Page 3. Factual errors should be corrected even when they are small, as with a misspelling. An editor's note may be in order when the facts are correct but the story itself is misleading in some way. Both the correct and faulty information should be conveyed in setting the record straight. Corrections should generally use standard phrasing: Because of an editing error, an article misattributed a quote about the Student Senate election. Jacob Brenneman, and not Jim Brenneman, the president, called the election a farce. An article in The Record last week misstated the increase in tuition fees. Tuition is increasing 1 percent, not 100 percent. An article on Sept. 15 about Celebrate Service Day misspelled the name of the organization where some students volunteered. The organization is La Casa of Goshen, not Lacasa.

Correspondent, The. A biweekly news program produced by GCTV, a division of the Goshen College communications department. The show, and the rest of the GCTV programming, is broadcast in HD on channel 18.1 or in SD on channel 17.1. "The Correspondent" is the new name for "GC Journal," which was also at one point called "Alternative Maple."

councilman, councilwoman. Councilman Stump; Councilwoman Gautsche. Also: the councilwoman at large. For a group of women and men, use council members.



courses. Capitalize the course titles of college and other classes, without quotation marks (e.g., Jesus and the Gospels). Course mentions should generally not include the department abbreviation and course number: The English department is currently offering the course Critical Theory and Practice. In cases where the department and course number are required, include these details in parentheses after the course title: Sign up now for Critical Theory and Practice (Engl 300).

convocation. Except in direct quotations, avoid using the shorthand convo.

credit/no credit.

cross(-). Some compounds formed with cross are one word, some are hyphenated and some are two words: cross-cultural, cross-examine, crossover, cross-reference, cross section.

Crossroads League. Goshen College is one of 10 colleges whose athletic teams compete in the Crossroads League, formerly called the Mid-Central College Conference. On second reference, the league. The league is part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics.