Facebook. A social networking Web site launched on Feb. 4, 2004. The free-access site is privately owned and operated by Facebook, Inc. Users can join networks organized by city, workplace, school and region to connect and interact with other people. People can also add friends and send them messages, and update their personal profile to notify friends about themselves.

Fahrenheit. Since this temperature scale is commonly used in the United States, it's usually not necessary to specific that the degrees are Fahrenheit rather than Celsius. When a distinction is helpful, prefer spelling out the term: The science students said the temperature inside the solar-heated building reached 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

fall break.

false range. This is a common but flawed construction in which we present a continuum or scale that doesn't really exist. References in the bibliography ranged from Dr. Seuss to Hillary Rodham Clinton. The idea can be conveyed any number of ways, the simplest being: References in the bibliography included Dr. Seuss and Hillary Rodham Clinton.

father. Use lowercase unless it is being used as a substitute for a proper name: Hi, Dad!; ask Father to leave the door unlocked; tell Mary's father that he is welcome to join us. See also dad.


first annual. This phrase expresses an advertiser's wish, not a fact. An event that is held or occurs once a year is an annual event. The AP Stylebook recommends saying instead that the organizers plan to hold the event annually.

firstly, secondly, thirdly. Prefer "first, second, third."

first lady. The term, which applies to the wife of a president or other government leader, is lowercase and set apart from the name by a comma: the first lady; Michelle Obama, the first lady.

first-year. For the class and a member of that class, use freshman or first-year student. Except in quotes, do not use strained constructions like freshperson or the informal shorthand frosh. See also freshman.

FiveCore Media. Video production unit of GC communications department that serves on and off campus needs. meant to give students the opportunity to serve 'real world' clients and give local establishments a low cost video service in the growing media based market. Est. 2011

flier, flyer. Use flier for a pilot or a leaflet or handbill. Flyer is most often the proper name for some transportation units, including wagons.

-fold. Treat as a solid word (twofold, tenfold).

food. Most food names are lowercase: cheese, pears, rhubarb. Capitalize brand names and trademarks: Martin's bologna, Tabasco sauce. Most proper nouns or adjectives are capitalized when they appear in a food name: Russian dressing, Swiss cheese.

Forbes.com. In its second annual rating of America's top colleges, in 2009, Forbes.com ranked Goshen College 177th of all U.S. colleges and universities. The competition included more than 4,000 colleges and universities.


foreign words and phrases. Italicize a word or phrase from a foreign language, but put quotation marks around anything longer than a phrase. Commonly borrowed expressions remain in roman type. If a definition follows a word or phrase, the definition should be enclosed in parentheses or quotation marks: The word she used was not une poele (frying pan). For titles, when it is desirable to provide a translation, enclose it in parentheses in roman type, without quotation marks: Schilderboeck (Book on Picturing).

Fort Duquesne Bridge. The 426-foot bridge is located less than a mile from the David L. Lawrence Convention Center, in downtown Pittsburgh. The bridge is also known as "The Bridge to Nowhere," due to delays in construction.

Fort Duquesne Boulevard. The street on which the David L. Lawrence Convention Center is situated in downtown Pittsburgh.

fractions. One-tenth of the population; more than two-thirds of the voters.

Fraktur. Highly elaborate folk art made with ink and/or watercolor. Originally created by the Pennsylvania Dutch during the 18th and 19th centuries, Fraktur can take a variety of forms: the Vorschriften (writing samples), the Taufscheine (birth and baptismal certificates), marriage and house blessings, book plates, and floral and figurative scenes. Common artistic motifs in Fraktur include birds, hearts, and tulips, as well as different types of calligraphy.

French fries. See food.

freshman. For the class and a member of that class, use freshman or first-year student. Except in quotes, do not use strained constructions like freshperson or the informal shorthand frosh. See also first-year.

frosh. See freshman or first-year.

fruits of the Spirit.