illogic. See "times less than."

important(ly). Avoid constructions like this: More importantly, the authors do not reach beyond the purview of empiricist history. Since the phrase implies what is (as in, what is is more important), important serves as an adjective modifying what.

Incarnation, incarnational.

Indiana University. For campuses, prefer this form: Indiana University at Bloomington.


indirection. This is the habit of forcing the reader to connect a person (named in one paragraph) with a title (named in another). An example would be announcing in the lead that Pat McFarlane is producing a play about Mennonite women of color, and in the next paragraph noting that the director of the speech communication program hopes to be finished with the script within a year. Even if only one person has been mentioned, this kind of indirection forces the reader to pause and make the connection (and a trace of doubt always lingers). It's a lazy presentation. Better to say on second reference: McFarlane, the director of the speech communication program, hopes to . . .

Information Technology Services. This college office includes ITS Media Services, the ITS Help Desk and the Schertz Computing Center.

initialism. A shortened word, similar to an acronym, that is pronounced as a letter series rather than a word. FBI is an initialism, NASA is an acronym. See abbreviations.

inter(-). Do not hyphenate compounds: interchurch, interconfessional, interfaith, interreligious.

Interlibrary Loan (ILL). This service is available to Goshen College faculty, students and staff. It allows patrons to borrow materials that are nomarkask.jpgt owned by the Good Library from other libraries. Patrons can either fill out a request from the front desk of the library or fill out a request online at

Internationals. Used most of the time to refer to students who are not American. "Internationals" can be accepted if quoting somebody, but should not be used in a formal writing. International is an adjective, and adjectives do not have plural form.


Internet addresses. Provide an address whenever an article refers to a site that readers might want to visit. When indicating an address, tell readers what they need to type to get to the site. Don't include the http a the beginning; Web software should automatically supply it. When a sentence ends with a Web address, put a period at the end. The Web address is technically a URL, or uniform resource locator. Try to keep an address on a single line. If you must break up the address, place the split before a slash or a dot that is part of the address (without inserting a hyphen, which would throw off the searcher).

interpretative; interpretive. The traditionally correct adjective is interpretative, but interpretive has become much more common. Author's preference can make the call.

intra. Do not hyphenate compounds: intrachurch, intrastate, intramural.


iPhone and iPod. Apple Inc.'s cell phone and digital media player. Use IPhone and IPod when the word starts a sentence or a headline.

irony/ironic. Irony describes a situation in which the result of an action is different from what was desired or expected. Ironic is the standard adjectival form; ironical is a needless variant.

irregardless. Regardless says it all.