page. Capitalize in Roman type as proper names: Page 1 or Page 10.

Parables. A student worship ensemble from Goshen College that travels to area churches and groups to present biblical stories and themes through song and theater. The 2011-12 program theme is “Whole and Broken.” Parables is directed by Professor of Music Debra Brubaker.

The 2011-12 worship team, left to right: Brook Hostetter, junior music education major from Harrisonburg, Va.; Emily Grimes, sophomore music education major from Goshen, Ind.; Stephanie Hollenberg, senior Bible and Religion major from Elkhart, Ind.; Lauren Treiber, sophomore PJCS major from Grand Rapids, Mich.; and Eliza Graber, junior elementary education major from Plain City, Ohio.


penny-wise, pound-foolish.

percent. Figures should be used and the term percent spelled out (6 percent or 10 percent) except when the number begins a sentence (Twelve percent of students are running for leadership positions with the Student Senate).

Performing Arts Series.

perfume. Perfume, for scenting the body, is generally used to describe a more expensive and intense smelling fragrance. Cologne, on the other hand, refers to a less costly and more subtle scent. See cologne.

period. The period always goes inside quotation marks: He said, "That's the end of class."

personal names. Use full name on first reference and then last name only, with full name again occasionally for special effect or clarification. In foreign names, the particles like de, du, le, la, van and von are usually lowercased (Thieleman van Bracht); for U.S. citizens, the names are usually uppercased (Martin Van Buren). Follow individual, or historical, preferences. On second reference, a lowercase particle remains lowercase when it appears midsentence but should be capitalized when it begins a sentence.

perspective, prospective. A perspective is a point of view (or opinion piece in The Record); a prospective, as used informally on campus, is a high school senior who is here for a visit.

Perspectives. Student writers should generally be identified by name, major and class year at the end of their respective columns. Faculty and staff members should be identified by their position title. Other writers should receive a similar identification.

Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy. Highest degree one can earn in many English speaking countries. Should follow person's name with a comma. example: John Doe, Ph.D. See academic degrees.

photography use. The Record's policy is to publish work by student staff photographers whenever possible. In instances when no staff photographs are available, the paper may request a photo from the public relations office. Permission should be granted before any such photographs are published. Credit should be given directly below the photograph. If the photographer is known: Jodi Beyeler/Public Relations. If the photographer is not known: Public Relations.
In the Record's online edition, photographs are credited after the period at the end of the photo caption: Photo by Alana Kenagy. In photographs with no caption, the credit is simply typed into the space where a caption would usually be.

Physical Plant. The main offices are situated south of College Avenue and east of the railroad tracks. The Physical Plant's mission is to

  • To support and serve the mission of Goshen College with honor, respect and integrity;
  • To provide a pleasant and safe environment that is conducive to learning in a Christian community by maintaining college buildings, grounds and equipment through the professional and disciplined management of physical, financial and human resources;
  • To recognize and willingly respond to the needs of students, faculty and staff through excellence in support services.

Pinchpenny Press.

P.L.A. See President's Leadership Award.

Pledge of Allegiance. Capitalize in reference to that pledge of loyalty "to the flag of the United States of America."

Plowshares Collaborative. This is the name for a peace studies collaborative joining Goshen College with Manchester and Earlham colleges, financed by the Lilly Endowment.

possessives. Add 's for plural nouns not ending in s (women's rights); add only an apostrophe for plural nouns ending in s (the states' rights); add only an apostrophe for nouns that are plural in form but singular in meaning (mathematics' rules); add 's for singular nouns not ending in s (dog's food); use only an apostrophe for singular names ending in s (Kansas' schools, Dickens' novels); add 's for singular common nouns ending in s unless the next work begins with s (hostess's invitation, the hostess' seat). Make sure to include everyone before deciding where to place the apostrophe (the Stoltzfuses' house, and not the Stoltzfus's house). Sometimes, no apostrophe is needed at all (The Stoltzfuses are looking for a house.).

post. Most often this prefix forms a single word, without a hyphen (postcolonial, postmodern, postwar). If a word does not appear as such in Webster's then insert hyphen (post-World-War-II era).

pre-. Usually as a solid word (prepublication, preeminent).

prepublication review. Reporters are encouraged to check back with sources during reporting, whether to ask additional questions or to verify facts or quotations. A final check back with a source before publication provides an extra safeguard. With highly technical information, it may make sense to have a source double-check whole paragraphs. This can be done either by phone or by e-mail or in person, whichever method is most easily managed before deadline. As a general practice, reporters should not have sources look over entire articles before publication. In any event, a reporter should be clear that he or she retains editing control, and that reviewing a portion of an article before publication does not mean the source is invited to edit quotations or withdraw information that had previously been shared. Source review should be managed with caution if on deadline. Whenever possible, reporters should consult with a senior editor or the faculty adviser should questions arise.

President's Council. The members of the President's Council include interim President Ken Newbold; Jim Caskey, vice president for institutional advancement; Adela Hufford, vice president for enrollment; Gilberto Perez Jr., dean of students; and Jo-Ann Brant, interim vice president for academic affairs and academic dean.

President's Leadership Award. OK to use P.L.A. on second reference. See this pdf for more information.



profanity. See the obscenities, profanities, vulgarities entry.

professor. Capitalize when used as a one-word title before the name: Professor Jan Bender Shetler, or Professor Bender Shetler. But lowercase in other instances: professor; the professor, Jan Bender Shetler, of the history department; a professor of history. For emeritus, it should be Marvin Bartel, professor emeritus of art. Dictionaries accept emeritus for women and men.

Prohibition. Capitalize in reference to the period (1920-1933) when alcoholic beverages were outlawed.

prone means lying face down; supine means lying face up.

pronouns. Pronouns are meant to make life easier, and they (like this one) usually do -- but not always. The personal pronouns me and I, for example, are often getting in each other's way: me and my friends are going to the movie or you'll be hearing from the academic dean and I. We instinctively know the correct form when the pronoun stands alone. So with tricky pronouns, recast the sentence for a moment to remove the distraction: I'm going to the movie; you'll be hearing from me.

Protestant. Any member of one of the groups, or descendant groups, that broke away from the Catholic Church during the Reformation. Goshen College is owned by the Mennonite Church, born of the Anabaptist movement during the Protestant Reformation.

provinces. Use traditional abbreviations for the Canadian provinces (e.g., Man. for Manitoba and Ont. for Ontario).

pseudo(-). Favor solid constructions for compounds but use a hyphen with vowels (pseudoclassic, pseudofiction, pseudo-official).

publication names. Present newspaper and magazine names in roman type, without quotation marks, no italics. For consistency, capitalize the article in publication names if it appears as such in the flag or nameplate (The Goshen College Record, The Goshen News, The Truth). See newspaper names.

Public Relations office. Changed in spring 2013 to "Communications and Marketing."(See Communications and Marketing.)

pumpkin. The word is often misspelled "pumkin."