television programs. Put quotation marks around the names of television program titles like "The Office."

temperature. Figures should be used to give the reading, even when it's below 10 degrees outside: The temperature was 3 degrees this morning; Her temperature was 97.8 degrees. But in reference to a general number of degrees, as distinct from an exact reading, follow the normal number-spelling rules: The temperature usually three or four degrees after the sun is up. See Celsius; Fahreheit.

Ten Thousand Villages. Ten Thousand Villages is part of a worldwide movement striving to practice fair trade.Ten Thousand Villages is one of over 300 International Federation for Alternative Trade members in 70 countries. These members agree that fair trade is an alternative approach to conventional international trade. The store nearest to the campus is situated downtown on Main Street.

that, which. Use that, not which, in a restrictive clause -- a clause necessary to understand a sentence: The city that the students live in is a hub for trains. Note the absence of commas around that. In a nonrestrictive clause -- one that provides information, but information that is not essential to make sense of the sentence -- use which, preceded by a comma: Goshen, which is the county seat, has a population of about 30,000.


The Correspondent. The program is also known as "The Core." The name was changed from GC Journal in 2009, with the arrival of Seth Conley as a professor of communication and director of the television program.

The Mennonite. A Mennonite magazine devoted to news within the Christian denomination.

Third Culture Kids.

ticket holder. See -holder.


time elements. Use the day of the week (Monday, Tuesday, etc.) for days of the week within seven days before or after the date of publication. Use the month and a figure for dates beyond this range. Avoid redundancies such as last Tuesday or next Tuesday. You can simply write on Tuesday. The past, present or future tense usually makes clear which Tuesday. In a summary news lead, the best place for the time element is immediately after the verb (The dean announced yesterday that students would be required to complete 10 hours of community service each year); if the verb takes a direct object, the object should follow the verb, and then give the time element (Mayor Allan Kauffman ordered the police yesterday to ticket students who ride their bicycles on sidewalks). In general, a time element should not be used to begin a summary news lead since there is more compelling information to share first. The preposition on adds clarity and euphony when introducing days of the week: Goshen plays Southern Nazarene on Friday rather than Goshen plays Southern Nazarene Friday, which suggests that the university name consists of three words.

times. Use figures except for noon and midnight: The class will meet from 11:30 a.m. to 12:45 p.m. Be watchful for redundancies like 9 a.m. this morning. The o'clock construction is acceptable, but with time listings a.m. and p.m. are preferred.

times less than. A can of Coke may cost twice as much as a bottle of water, but that doesn't mean that a bottle of water is twice as cheap as a can of Coke. One time is 100 percent of the cost, size, distance or some other measure. "Two times cheaper" is impossible. If you take away "one time something," that's all there is to take away.

titles. Lowercase titles except when they are formal titles and appear before names. Only brief official titles, and not descriptions, should be attached to names. President Shirley Showalter will speak in chapel. However, Physical Plant Utilities Manager and Conservation Director Glenn Gilbert will speak in convocation on Monday should become Glenn Gilbert, utilities manager and conservation director at the Physical Plant, will speak in convocation on Monday. A formal title is one that could be used in greeting a person on the sidewalk (Good morning, Professor Reese). Class rankings (e.g., sophomore, junior) should not be treated as titles. As descriptors, they should be set off with commas: Mary Long, a junior, said she would run for Student Senate. In reference to someone who is well known, a descriptive phrase preceded by the is acceptable: the poet Julia Kasdorf. Long titles should generally be listed after names. In any event, titles short or long can always be set off by commas either before or after a name, but only a select few can comfortably appear before a name capitalized. When set off by commas, a formal title is changed to lowercase: The president of Goshen College, Jim Brenneman, serves a four-year term. Sportswriting, by tradition, takes place in a grace zone. An elective or appointed sports title is allowed, as in Leafs Coach Jewel Lehman. Even team names and playing positions can precede names, but positions should be lowercase: Leafs forward Scott Wilkinson. Still, the most graceful approach is usually to place a descriptive title after the name, set off by commas: Scott Wilkinson, a senior forward, scored the first goal. See composition titles.

Top 10, Top 40.


Twitter. According to Biz Stone, one of the inventors of Twitter, "We're twittering, and we're all twitterers. And we write tweets. The only thing I don't love is twits." So the elements of Twitter break down as follows: She twitters (v.); he's a twitterer (n.); they produce tweets (n.).

tape recorder. An electromechanical device use to record and play back sound.